Lonely Planet Ecuador
The second-highest capital in the world (after La Paz, Bolivia), Quito is a lovely Andean city with an exquisite colonial centre packed with architectural treasures. Wandering the Unesco-listed centro histórico (aka old town') is pure sensory overload.
Picturesque plazas, baroque 17th-century cathedrals and the snow-covered peaks beyond form a backdrop to a vibrant city in motion: indigenous in traditional garb and bowler hats mingle with mestizos amid the sing-song voices of street vendors, newspaper sellers and shoeshine boys, while the scent of Andean cooking spills out of open-sided restaurants and food stalls.
Rise early for a stroll through old town's cobbled streets, which are sprinkled with some of the finest colonial churches in the Americas. Not to be missed is 18th-century La Merced, with its fascinating artwork, including paintings showing volcanoes erupting over colonial Quito. Nearby the jaw-dropping Compañía de Jesús church was 160 years in the making, with a dramatic gilded interior, complete with Moorish elements and perfect symmetry (right down to the trompe l'oeil staircase painted in the rear). It's widely considered Ecuador's most beautiful building.
Have a rest in the Plaza Grande, the heart of Quito's old town. Always vibrant, this is a fine place to take the pulse of the city and catch your breath - and at 2850m elevation, Quito may make you feel a little breathless. Ringing the plaza are historic buildings: to the east stands the Palacio del Gobierno where the president works. Free tours are given (some in English) throughout the day.
To the south is Quito's somewhat austere main cathedral, a 16th-century building with a glazed ceramic roof and belltower. Although not as ornate as many of Quito's other churches, it's worth peering inside for a look at intriguing works from the Quito School (indigenous artists trained by Europeans working from the 16th to the 18th centuries). Don't miss the painting of the Last Supper with Christ and his disciples feasting on cuy (roast guinea pig), chicha (a fermented corn drink) and humitas (corn dumplings).