Tallest mountain on Earth
This fascinating infographic on Earth’s highest and lowest points – and the information below – comes from Chiltern Thrust Bore in the UK. On the page where this graphic was originally posted, they added more detail:
ABOVE SEA LEVEL
29, 035ft – Mount Everest
Nepal is home Mount Everest, the Earth’s highest point – and to put into perspective just how high it stands, consider that commercial aeroplanes fly at a height of 30, 000 – 35, 000 ft.
Every year, hundreds of adventurers attempt the dangerous feat of reaching the summit of the world’s highest mountain. Although more than 4, 000 people have conquered the mountain since Sir Edmund and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay first reached the summit in 1953, around 250 people have died in the attempt.
26, 000 ft – Death Zone
Known as the ‘death zone’ after 26, 000 ft above sea level, oxygen levels are insufficient to sustain human life. That’s why mountain climbers must carry oxygen tanks with them when they climb high peaks like Mount Everest.
22, 595 ft – Ojos del Salado
The world’s highest active volcano is located in the Andes on the Argentina-Chile border. The most recent eruption occurred around 1300 years ago, however there is also some evidence of a minor ash emission in 1993.
16, 728 ft – La Rinconada
La Rinconada is the world’s highest city, located in Peru, and is a destination for only the most valiant. With few tourists and no hotel, La Rinconada is an isolated town for the 50, 000 people who live there.
La Rinconada started as a gold-mining camp in a remote location, that has grown to ‘major’ city status, and stayed there. Workers in the local gold mine work for 30 days without payment, and on the 31st day they are allowed to take as much ore from the mine as they can carry. Whatever the miners are able to extract from the ore is theirs.
However, with no plumbing, sanitation or heating, La Rinconada is hard place to live. Learn more about this fascinating city here.
12, 389 ft – Mount Fuji
Mount Fuji is one of the most famous mountains in the world, and is a composite cone (stratovolcano) formed by violent volcanic eruptions. The symbol of Japan, Mount Fuji is a popular tourist site with more than 200, 000 people climbing to the summit every year.
4, 409 ft – Ben Nevis
Ben Nevis is the highest mountain in the British Isles, located in the Lochaber area of Scotland. It’s actually the remains of an ancient volcano which imploded millions of years ago.
An observatory and hotel were built at the summit in the 1880s, but was deserted after 20 years due to lack of funding. Their ruins can still be seen today.
2, 717 ft – Burj Khalifa
Located in Dubai, the Burj Khalifa is the tallest building and free-standing structure in the world, with 160 stories.
Aside from holding the record for the World’s tallest building, the Burj Khalifa holds 6 other World records; tallest freestanding structure; highest number of stories; highest occupied floor; highest outdoor observation deck; longest travelling elevator; and tallest service elevator.
1, 004 ft – The Shard
The Shard is currently the tallest building in the European Union. Standing proudly next to the famous London Bridge in London, UK – The Shard is a “Vertical City” with multiple and different occupiers; restaurants, offices, residencies and even a hotel with 202 rooms.